Engineering: Undoubtedly, the most essential and valuable branch of science is engineering. Thing that is known to us today would have ever existed had it not been for the marvels accredited to the professionals working tediously in this field. Innovation is the backbone and creative application for the benefit of mankind is the soul of it.
Engineering: Current Trends is a multidisciplinary peer reviewed journal which as the name speaks publishes articles that are currently trending in this future-laden field. Our online resources as an open access will be freely available in all areas of engineering globally. The journal publishes Original Research, Review Articles, Case Study/Report, Engineering Trial, Letter to the Editor, Editorials, Rapid Responses, Analyses, Symposium Pieces, Short Communications, Interviews, Commentaries, and Opinions of High Standards from around the world.
Academicians, researchers, professionals, and students anywhere are encouraged to submit their quality research findings or any other special issues related to the journal topics. Be it your topics of interest or those in current trend of engineering, we have room for all.
Received manuscripts from the authors are subjected to double blind peer review process. Manuscripts are published only after the acceptance from at least two reviewers followed by the final decision from assigned editor.
Engineering: Current Trends is accepting submissions for its inaugural issue (Vol. 1, Iss. 1) and welcomes authors worldwide. ECT would love if you could write an article on any one of the topics mentioned further under the journal highlights. Manuscripts can be submitted via online by simply clicking the submit button or you can do the same through e-mail by sending in your pieces at email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
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Civil Engineering: Physically constructed environments such as buildings, roads, bridges, railways, pipelines, etc. are all major creations of the professionals dedicated to this field of work. Civil engineers conceive the world through their own eyes and invest themselves rigorously till they shape their vision to reality around them, while continuously practicing their specialties.
Environment Engineering: The environment we breathe in is no longer as it used to be. It is depleting at an alarming rate hopelessly crying out for help. In order to rescue them and ensure that they are well preserved for both their own sustenance and that of the whole mankind, environmental come to their rescue. They implement principles of engineering to eliminate all possible environmental problems at present and in the near future.
Concrete Technology: The in-depth study of the properties of the primary construction material “concrete” is known as concrete technology. Knowledge of the different types of concrete, their applications, reaction, preservation, and other factual attributes falls under the purview of this study. Besides, new technological innovations are also made to process the concrete to desired use.
Prestressed Concrete: Concrete mixture is suppressed every time before being out to use, simply to fill up the void present in between mixture. This ensures that after successful application, the constructed structure remains strong, hard and durable, inducing and protecting the foresighted creation.
Geo-technical Engineering: This discipline is an intricate wing of civil engineering that investigates all the underlying properties beneath the soil surface. This helps them determine the present conditions and access probable future risks that might not be so clearly visible. Urgently needed repairs and prevention of life-threatening disasters are the ultimate aim of geo-technical engineering.
Electrical Engineering: This branch of engineering is concerned with design, development, maintenance, and repair of electrical devices and systems people use in their daily lives or for businesses. This study specializes engineers to supervise or handle multiple responsibilities related to electric current and its operations. Our modern industry and production will be incomplete without the necessary aid from this film.
Automobile Engineering: The deal behind the wheels is all dealt by the branch of science popularly known as automobile engineering. How vehicles are created in mind and shapes right from the blue prints till they are drive tested on road, the work through all these processes are conducted by professionals. Tremendous popularity and attention is drawn by this discipline as transportation happens to be one of our basic needs, culminating to luxury even.
Surveying Engineering: An umbrella term which shelters several kinds of practices that demands great planning and precision is referred to as surveying engineering. It involves mapping of physical land, both in rural and urban environments, accessing growth possibilities on them through application of scientific principles, verified and established by highly skilled experts in this field.
Engineering Geology: Earth science and engineering runs parallel in this branch of science. Applying engineering techniques to understand the ground reality before beginning any construction work on it is an important aspect of this study. It thereby ensures that factors regarding the location, design, operation, and suitability are favorable in its true sense to carry out engineering practices in the long run.
Material Sciences: New and advanced materials developed constantly to meet different engineering needs are studied extensively under the care of the branch known as material science. It is an extensive study of the properties of matter and how and where and under what circumstances can they be used along with certain limitations and restrictions. In other words, it lays down the founding stone for all engineering projects.
Structural Analysis: The burden that a physical man-made structure can bear, the way they may or may not react when subjected or exposed to external forces, how often do they need care and restoration; accessing all such similar attributes are the core aspects analyzed while acquiring the ropes of structural analysis.
GIS (Geographical Information System): These are tools with the prime purpose of capturing, storing, analyzing, manipulating, managing and presenting all types of geographical data distributed spatially and monitored remotely. So, these are engineers who dedicated in designing and developing such advanced and efficient tools.
Traffic Engineering: This study enables one to provide for highly productive and smooth movement of traffic on road, facilitating a safe travel environment for all citizens. Research and design efforts are constantly put in to the present construction like highways and roadways, implementation of traffic lights and signals as the sole objective of traffic engineering.
Control Engineering: It is a dynamic concept that uses the principles of automated control to regulate the flow of operations in various devices in different controlled environments. Our everyday practices of using home appliances or vehicles outside are all infused with specific controlled mechanisms suited to their working conditions and expectations. We may simply state it as exercising control is mandatory in every walk of life.
Mechanical Engineering: One of the oldest disciplines of that purely deals with machines is commonly known as mechanical engineering. The scope of this field is very broad as it embraces not just engineering but also physics and mathematics. As a result, it shapes the design, construction and use of machines.
Textile Engineering: Textile engineering is a study devoted to manufacturing of textile fabrics, yarns, fibers, etc. These raw materials are then dyed, printed, embroidered, fabricated to make clothes for end consumers. This sector undeniably contributes a major share in the Indian economy.
Textile Science: Now that we know what textile is, the science behind the research that goes in the innovation of textile products is known as textile science. It is indeed a very challenging task to design comfort. The clothes we wear are a reflection of our taste and culture and also make us confident. Therefore, all those who create textile fabrics create more than just a tangible necessity.
Machine Design: Breaking the term reads it as the design of a machine, which it truly is. Designing a machine from scratch to obtain the desired results is taught under this field of science. Different machines are meant to serve different purpose, and all are irreplaceable in their own right. Machines mainly aim to reduce time and effort while enhancing quality.
Industrial Management: ‘Managing men,” the motto behind any form management, is the key behind any set-up, formulated to let it grow and prosper. Human resources do not end with only recruitment, clear-cut objectives, strategic planning and training are needed to make them productively function in an industrial set-up to generate desired outcome.
Material Technology: This discipline of engineering focuses primarily on the production front of finished goods from raw materials itself, molded to achieve specifically required application. However, doing so initially begins by knowing and understanding the smallest break down of each and every material. Such refined skill set then helps develop highly advanced technological solutions.
Industrial Drafting: Drafting technical designs for industries that operate on some or the other engine is an arduous task that only qualified industrial graduates can prepare. Industrial drafting is the study that helps develop skills to understand the technical intricacies of industrial drawings. This is a stepping stone that formulates the future ground for any product-oriented industry.
Dynamics of Machinery: The underlying mechanisms of a machine when subjected to external forces acting upon them are referred to as the dynamics of it. Understanding the basic principles of such dynamics and knowing how to juggle well with them to perfect the art that a machine is meant to be, and this very perspective is the soul of the science dealing with the dynamics of machinery.
Metrology: The science of measurement, the science of reliability, the science of precision is the essential pillars of this branch of engineering. There are certain set level of standardization with respect to linkages in any recurrent filed of work. Achieving right measurement sets right the impact that metrology has on economy, health, safety and overall well-being of the society.
Instrumentation: Instrument is any scientific device that helps measure, monitor, and control certain parameters such as pressure, flow, temperature. While small ones make our lives easy, large ones adds efficiency in industrial operation and production.
Thermal Engineering: Maintaining a balanced control of both heating and cooling systems inside equipment, enclosed spaces, or open environment is a much-needed stage of running technological processes functioning on the principles of thermal engineering. This field of study specializes in the dynamic behind the transfers of heat energy in different forms to create a comfortable environment for all.
Chemical Engineering: Chemical engineering strictly concerns itself with the principles and workings that help enable one solve emerging problems, use, efficiency, and application of a chemical component. It smoothen the glitches and encourages the growth and up-gradation of technology that runs on chemicals and chemically induced processing.
Chemical Reaction: A reaction chemical in nature happens everywhere. Some are visible to naked eye while some are not. When properties of a substance undergo a chemical reaction, it usually changes and transforms to a whole another form. The science at work behind this is a valuable knowledge to understand such natural occurrences and the impact they have on our lives.
Fluid Flow: Fluids refer to both liquid and gas, and when this fluid is in motion, it is known to us fluid flow. Fluid dynamics affect the operational mechanics determining the measure of speed, pressure, and stagnation. Further, one also gets a clear picture of how real-life applications are influenced by the flow of the fluids. The scope of this branch of science spreads across all disciplines and all principles.
Fluid Mechanics: The study of the affect of external forces of energy on liquid and gaseous fluids is dealt with while studying the fluid mechanics. Fluids, be it at rest or in motion still has a lot of information that it wants to convey, and these are made feasible by implementing mechanics of the properties of fluid in practical scenarios.
Heat and Mass Transfer: This is the result of two different kinds of transfers concentrated in a substance. Heat transfer is the movement of heat and temperature, whereas mass transfer is the net movement of mass. Together, it is a process that is essentially the transfer of heat via mass, thereby causing compositional changes in a substance.
Thermodynamics: It refers to the science of relationship between different forms of energy such as work, heat, temperature, and so on. No energy can be created or destroyed but can only transform. The study of such transformations or transfer of energy from one form to another constantly is known as thermodynamics.
Catalysis: The rate of chemical reaction is modified and controlled as desired by adding an external catalyst. Its prominent feature is that it influences the reaction rate but does not get itself consumed in the process. Positive catalysis is the most preferred one as it increases the reaction rate, while negative catalysis reduces the reaction rate.
Chemical Technology: At the operational level, in any industry, there is a chemical unit that conducts its own set of operations and practices, which further accelerates the final output like all other units do. To run all processes undergoing in this unit effectively and productively can only be made true when this technology is assimilated well through in-depth study of chemicals.
Process Calculation: To calculate, as we already know, is to mathematically deduce a value from an abstract problem using relevant logic, reasoning, and common sense. Similarly, process calculation is principally the process of deriving variable outcomes from a given input. All materials that serve the input in any chemical process and the output it eventually generates are calculated beforehand through implying the adequate knowledge of process calculation.
Mass Transfer: Movement of mass simply from one physical location to another is termed as mass transfer. It is used by different scientific disciplines for different processes and mechanisms. Some of the commonly understood forms of mass transfer are absorption, evaporation, drying, precipitation, distillation, sedimentation, filtration, and so on.
Petrochemical Engineering: Petrol or crude oil are extracted from natural sources beneath the earth and refined for use through the engineering principles of the discipline called petrochemical engineering. The obtained raw materials are further processed into useful goods such as food, clothes, fertilizers, plastics, etc.
Corrosion: The naturally occurring degradation of metals subjected to chemical reaction within the environment is known as corrosion. This deterioration is an obvious phenomenon but causes severe damage to property and life by wearing off and increasing uncertain, unapprehended risks.
Chemical Reactors: An enclosed container that holds a chemical, which is then set up in an operational unit, where chemical reactions and processes are conducted. By storing the chemical in its liquid form securely, these reactors facilitate the possibility of its use in various experimentation and application.
Biochemical Engineering: This field of engineering is dedicated to design and construction of necessary equipment. These constructed units or bioreactors are especially meant for storing strong biological organisms or molecules, further analyzed to treat the undergoing biochemical processes, to help create technologically advanced and fruitful raw materials.
Tissue Engineering: This is that branch of science which infuses a whole new meaning to an already existing life. It develops substitutes of tissues, cells, organs that can be used in real life to treat, repair, or replace a damaged or diseased tissue part inside an organism, so much so that they can easily blend like any other tissue in that body does.
Chemi informatics: A newly emerging field in the discipline of chemical engineering that gathers, stores, analyzes, and transforms chemical data by employing computers. A wide range of principles are followed in the collected data with hopes of discovering a new medicine, drug, or process for enhancing current work practices across all branches.
Chemical Industry: Basically a large-scale manufacturing unit where all the practical work behind the scene happens. This industry makes use of raw materials in reactors to produce products that are suitable for industrial use. A wide range of market are catered to by the chemical products manufactured in these industrial units.
Biosensors and Bioelectronics: Presence of chemicals in any organism are detected with the help pf biosensors as these sensors have been designed to primarily function by converting any biological signals to electrical signals. On the other hand, the engineering principles applied in the field of biology to overcome several dysfunctions and attempt to fix them by making use of specially designed bioelectrical devices is the actual gift of bioelectronics.
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