Computer Science and Technology: The very basis of this revolutionizing man-made machine right from design to varied application forms the renewed essence of life around us. This when combines with the branch of technology is more than capable of answering all our problems. Its impact on the growth of modern society is omnipresent and a determining factor, adding value to one’s living.
The offshoots of this study are so populated that no words would be enough to simply highlight its richness, still let us make a humble attempt to do so.
Computer Science and Technology: Current Trends is a multidisciplinary peer reviewed journal which as the name speaks publishes articles that are currently trending in this future-laden field. Our online resources as an open access will be freely available in all areas of technology globally. The journal publishes Original Research, Review Articles, Case Study/Report, Engineering Trial, Letter to the Editor, Editorials, Rapid Responses, Analyses, Symposium Pieces, Short Communications, Interviews, Commentaries, and Opinions of High Standards from around the world.
Academicians, researchers, professionals, and students anywhere are encouraged to submit their quality research findings or any other special issues related to the journal topics. Be it your topics of interest or those in current trend of computer science and technology, we have room for all.
Received manuscripts from the authors are subjected to double blind peer review process. Manuscripts are published only after the acceptance from at least two reviewers followed by the final decision from assigned editor.
Computer Science and Technology: Current Trends is accepting submissions for its inaugural issue (Vol. 1, Iss. 1) and welcomes authors worldwide. CSTCT would love if you could write an article on any one of the topics mentioned further under the journal highlights. Manuscripts can be submitted via online by simply clicking the submit button or you can do the same through e-mail by sending in your pieces at email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
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Programming: The language a computer understands is not the one in which we humans communicate, it needs something especially curtailed to exchange information and enhance knowledge with the machine. In order to do so, certain set of instructions are laid down, in different coded environments known as a programming language.
Compiler Optimization: Once we know the means to communicate, what becomes vital next is to know how much of it is required and when. It defines certain attributes to the programming language being used to execute the work at hand. Most often, these are less time consumption and memory occupied.
Embedded Systems: This gives a face to the machine. A programmed operating system is embedded in a tangible mechanical and electrical system interface, made of hardware parts. This dedicated functional device when put together and takes a form and shape, it is wired in such a manner to the man-made machine that any desired task can be performed through commands typed in for execution.
Software Systems: Intercommunication is vital for any form of communication to make it truly meaningful with a purpose. In the world of machine, this can be attained by enabling the software to be in sync with hardware which is supposed to be their backbone. Therefore, a smooth platform between the two, that is, the hardware parts and soft coded application, is together known as a software system.
Software Engineering: The elaborately classroom designed scientific principles, methods, and procedures with the aid of set of instructions that computer understands and comprehends is the heart and soul of the branch named software engineering. The outcome of this engineered process is a problem-solving product known to the layman as software, and this product thereby is sound enough to mitigate all real-time challenges.
Software Process and Management: The two keywords “process” and “management” is enough to trigger one’s understanding that the various processes involved in developing a software product demands efficient management so that the work carries out uninterrupted. Doing so, ensures collection, testing, execution, quality check, examination, reviews are all managed as and when need be. Had this not been in place, no product would ever be transformed as real.
Software Measurement: Two inevitable paradigms in any field of work measured to access the potential, reliability and growth of any asset are the productivity and quality. Such measurement gives us the picture of how what all attributes does a product have and for what are they best suited. Knowing the right nature of the right product is the key to excellent performance of any asset expected to perform.
Software Metrics: Metrics is no different from measurement but a bit more refined. Though it is not the exact same thing but often used as each other’s synonym. Metrics are closely related to the quantitative indication of the functioning of a software application through quality, development, and testing.
Software Testing: To sum this up in one word would be quality. After all, quality is all that matters at the end in any work and the same stands true in the testing of any software. Doing so ensures that the actual results match up to the expectations, assures that the system is free from defects, besides subjecting other results physical properties to test as well. This is a stage that cannot be avoided at any cost.
Requirement Engineering: The initial stage of any development process has to be mandated by noting down the requirements as taught by books. Only when once all necessities are chalked out clearly further steps can then set in motion. It is the theory behind all practical in other words.
Information Systems: Information is the core to any study as this is what one goes looking for when puzzled. It is the organized methods for collecting, storing, filtering, processing, and distributing data. The computerized management of available information compliment all work processes. This further divides into two components: hardware and software. This process has hugely eliminated the heaps of physical storage of data into easily accessible formats.
Intelligent Control Systems: All intellectual minds work behind the scene to develop big nested complex algorithms using renowned approaches discovered by former great minds. And the sole purpose of this is simply exercising a desired amount of control or restrain in the functional needs of a system. The various control faculties designed in a system are controlled through this process to establish justifiable efficiency.
Sentiment Analysis: This form of operation is entirely customer centric and its ultimate aim is to give us an idea about the inclination and opinion of people through natural language processing. Such valued subjective information is abstracted and analyzed by employing text analysis. Computer-driven textual analysis helps not just data-controlled companies but also humble researchers to understand and quantify contextual sentiments of end users.
Machine Learning: It infuses a sort of artificial intelligence in computers, transforming machine with the ability to read data, learn, identify patterns, filter, make decisions on own without less human intervention. Accuracy is both the key and the aim behind this feature of computer science and technology.
Data Stream Mining: Like a stream the data flows continuously, and any desired knowledge/information is extracted reading set patterns from this stream. Records in an ordered sequence of choice are gathered in clusters to assemble and evolve streamed and channelized information.
Bioinformatics Techniques: This interdisciplinary field plays a vital role in concentrating mainly on development of tools for in-depth understanding of biological data. This further facilitates analysis and interpretation of conflicting biological questions. The recorded and stored data is accessible for future research demands as well.
Artificial Intelligence and Robotics: Intelligence in contrast to that of humans shown by machine is termed as artificial intelligence. Machines are designed and encoded in a manner so that it can perform human-like activities. Robots are the final results of this complex study, wherein they can behave, react, sense, and interpret exactly as humans do in their natural surroundings to comply with the nature of its creation.
Business Intelligence: The reliability of a business in technology to enable them to strategize their operations is senses as business intelligence. Mindful practices like business demands both well-informed and well-presented planning and decisions to represent the vitality their brand identity aims to promote.
Data Warehousing: Assimilating data scattered across various sources to befit the need of an enterprise can be quite challenging. Therefore, the concept of data warehousing came in place to help construct an uninterrupted flow of data to support the steady growth of any repository.
Big Data Storage: This feature facilitates collection of large data and management of real-time analysis of the same. Compartmentalizing big data to specifically designed needs can be easily sorted out by the concept of big data storage which is widely in place. This simply provides ease, structured, flexible availability of stored information.
Virtual Reality Systems: Can dreams come true? Yes it can. Such notions of beyond reality realms are no longer just a bookish notion. Computers have bridged this gap and developed an interface for interactivity experience through VR systems. In this, vibrations and sensations are transmitted to the user in control of the virtual game experience. Motion controls, cutting-edge reality, surround sound are all essential determinants that make this endeavor so rich.
Medical Imaging: Large-scale scanning of the interiors of one’s body for medical purpose of diagnosis and treatment is commonly known as medical imaging. Visual representations presented on different devices tell us about the functions of a human body parts and organs, allowing doctors to efficiently conduct their practices. There are several forms of imaging that caters to our timely-varying needs.
Computational Biology: This discipline does more than what meets the eye. It seeks to design and develop models for conducting experiments to understand and explore the biological workings that go on inside us. Internal actions when expressed more vividly paves way for new discoveries in the field of biology.
Visualization of Scientific Data: Graphics! Graphics! and more Graphics! Is all we encounter in today’s world and it has already replaced most of our beliefs and practices. Computer-designed graphics illustrates data in the field of science, emphasizes on its realistic projections, visually appeals incorporating the dynamics of time finds the best of blend in this field. Researchers benefit a great deal from these three-dimensional visualizations.
Geographical Information System: This renowned system is popularly known as GIS, which comprises applications that are meant to capture, store, analyze, manipulate, manage, and present all types of graphic data. There is a lot to know about the ground we live in but gathering all possible information of natural phenomenon is impossible by humans alone. Advanced technological improvement has a special branch that especially caters to such practices and hence aid explorers to understand spatial knowledge better.
Theoretical Foundations: Problem-solving entails not just solution and also the quality of remedies. Computers are restricted by two parameters, that is, time and space. Find a reliable, plausible solution then becomes challenging keeping these factors in mind. Thus, Theoretical foundations are that branch of study which creates optimal solution.
Multimedia Computing: Computing is one the first and widest growing industry and the feature of multimedia when ascribed to it in turn makes it suitable for high performance. The creativity and skills that one possess in making of a media output such as audiovisual, animation, and so on to represent a content in an appealing manner are commendable. The artistic medium of expression and communication is the soul behind multimedia computing.
Human–Machine Interface: This interface connects the subject with the object, the controller with the operator. It is basically, a screen medium which allows a user to connect the device. The Internet of Things predominantly refers to this as it facilitates industrial and consumer products to be accessible and viewed on Internet. The reason that our lives have become so simplified is credited to the constant sophistication achieved in the up-gradation of this interface.
Protocol and Network Engineering: Protocol as we already know is a set of rules and a similar regularization and conventions are applied for networking as well. The underlying mechanisms in a device constantly connect and disconnect with each other, depending on some specified instructions. Had there been no protocols exercised in engineering, it would all have been haywire.
Bio-inspired Communication: With the growing demand of wireless communication, bio-inspired algorithms are also becoming clear in the picture while gaining popularity due to or their innate capacity to adopt, evolve, and survive. Any condition be it expected or unexpected can be catered to with the help of bio-inspired communications.
Multimedia Systems: This is an interactive system that processes data in different multimedia forms and applications. Innovative research, state-of-the-art methodologies and tools that characterize the changing face of reality by making them digitally interactive is the indispensable stand of this system.
Wireless Multimedia Networks: The ease with which we convey our personalized multimedia information just anywhere anytime is the gift of this wireless feature of networking. In the past, we were satisfied with timely broadcast but our needs have changed now; one now wants to be surrounded by information and entertainment every moment of their lives. Networks have therefore expanded intricately to provide us with numerous wireless device solutions.
Wireless Sensor Networks: This means that sensors that operate without wiring are placed at desired distances and monitored remotely. This is how the set up goes and what it then gives us all relevant information regarding the physical condition of our environment. The gathered records communicate, measure, and define the quality of lives we live on this planet.
Vehicular Communication: This area of communication primarily takes place the roadside infrastructure and the vehicles that run on it against the real time, providing each other all information for ensuring safety like warnings and traffic updates. The aim is to avoid any sort of congestion and accidents on road, in hopes of contributing to build a safer world.
VML Specification: VML expanded as Vector Marketing Language has been derived from the well-known HTML but this allows vector graphical information to be incorporated within the text. However, with the release of newer Windows version, this specification has become obsolete and is no longer compatible to function.
Automated Reasoning: Yet another interdisciplinary field of study which inclines to the branch of mathematics is automated reasoning. It is mainly dedicated to develop computer programs that can reason partially, wholly, or independently, applying suitable logic to solve problems of any dimension.
Conceptual Modeling: These are mainly modeled/diagrammatical representation of any system in question. The concepts through this are elaborated to explain the workings behind the machinery, and as a result, helps users understand well before their stimulating their thought process. Doing so have rapidly marked a growing interest among the target audience.
Meta Modeling: A coherent model of an existing intricate model that guides us to the actual place of the model is termed as meta modeling. This concept is time-efficient encouraging enhanced quality. For example, database as we all know is extensive and therefore there is a summarized comprehensive meta data version for the same, to help locate a particular data from the wide database whenever need be.
Games Technology: There have been some amazing improvements and advancements in the gaming technology including its design. Each and every aspect has been transformed to bits and pieces to ultimately glorify our entertainment experience. This has now adopted a multifaceted interface to specialize in developing games for all age group and needs.
Cloud Computing: Cloud is not only the talk of today but also our future. Sharing of resources such as servers, database, stored files, etc. over the Internet is known as cloud computing. This process is coherent, economic, hassle-free, and requires minimum management. Resources of information shared over the Internet can later be accessed from anywhere around the world and any device.
Information Retrieval: Information has always been the complex of all resources. Searching one from many and vice-versa can be a tedious encounter but with time, such meticulous work has been simplified for often to be scraped tasks. Information retrieval is that activity which helps to extract and obtain desired information from a part of resources.
Mobile Computing: Computers interact with humans on an unrestricted basis through portable device called mobile. Similar application as in a computer is designed to be made available in these portable devices, simplifying life and work. The term wireless has been refined with the gradual up-gradation of mobile and its multifaceted youth.
Computer and Network Security: An invention that has inevitably become the part and parcel of our lives surely needs to be protected from any harmful influences and malicious practices. Security aims to safeguard this fundamental requisite. In simple terms, authorization of access to network is limited and always in control to prevent any breach in network security. The most common example of this is individually assigned ID and passwords.
Biosensors: This technological device is the one that analytically examines to convert biological signals to electrical signals, further transforming it into a detector. It helps in detection of various chemicals produced in humans with high precision and therefore has been widely embraced by medical practitioners.
Hardware–Software Borderline: There is no such definite line of demarcation but deciding when that thing grey line is meant to be breached is still under contemplation. Acutely relevant to cloud computing, this borderline aims to define when to not overdo and eliminate the tangibility of the backed hardware. Only time’s constant evolution can have a fair answer to this borderline.
Data Network Models: It is a representational model of database which defines both structure and logic on how a particular data should be stored, accessed, updated, and shared over a networking platform. There are different types of data models to represent different kinds of data, depending on one’s need. Data access has become easy with the help of such technological improvements.
The Semantic Web: World Wide Web has upgraded itself across all standards to provide users unmatched intelligent experience of work and entertainment. In a semantic environment, loads of nested information is made easily processed by machines on a global scale. Enriched search result and content optimization are some of the valued features of this semantic web.
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