Crop science is the study of the world's major food, feed, turf, and fiber crops and their environment. It is a broad discipline encompassing breeding, genetics, production, and management.
Agronomy is a branch of agricultural science that deals with the study of crops and the soils in which they grow. Agronomists work to develop methods that will improve the use of soil and increase the production of food and fiber crops.
Horticulture is the art and science of plant production for both beauty and utility. We work with fruits, vegetables, ornamental plants, and turf grass, in a variety of labs, fields, golf courses, and garden centers.
Crop productivity is the quantitative measure of crop yield in given measured area of field. The use of new crop varieties and the efficient application of agrochemicals, immensely contributed to increased plant productivity.
Crop technology is the application of organized and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems. Technological interventions like Dwarfing gene, Hybrid Technology, Biotechnology, Seed Technologies and Agronomic Technologies will increase the crop production.
Crop ecology deals more directly with the physiological reactions of a plant to its physical environment, with such factors of the habitat as moisture, temperature, light, and composition of the substratum.
Earth science or geosciences includes all fields of natural science related to the planet Earth. It is the branch of science dealing with the physical constitution of the Earth and its atmosphere. Earth science is the study of our planet’s physical characteristics, from earthquakes to raindrops, and floods to fossils.
Field Crops Research:
Field Crops Research is both experimental and modeling research at the field, farm and landscape level on temperate and tropical crops and cropping systems, with a focus on crop ecology and physiology, agronomy, and plant genetics and breeding.
Developmental biology is the study of the process by which organisms grow and develop. Modern developmental biology studies the genetic control of cell growth, differentiation and "morphogenesis," which is the process that gives rise to tissues, organs and anatomy.
Molecular breeding is the application of molecular biology tools, often in plant breeding and animal breeding.
Hybrid Seed Technology:
In agriculture and gardening, hybrid seed is used produced by cross-pollinated plants. Hybrid seed production is predominant in modern agriculture and home gardening.
Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals. Irrigation helps to grow agricultural crops, maintain landscapes, and revegetate disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of less than average rainfall.
Organic Cover Crops:
Cover crops have the capacity to improve soil conditions by increasing organic matter, fixing nitrogen, breaking up compaction through root penetration, suppressing weed growth and preventing erosion of fallow ground.
Organic farming is a method of crop and livestock production that involves much more than choosing not to use pesticides, fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics and growth hormones.
A pest species can be any species that humans consider undesirable. Pest management is therefore a means to reduce pest numbers to an acceptable.
Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology.
Plant genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity specifically in Plants.
Plant breeding is the science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics. It has been used to improve the quality of nutrition in products for humans and animals.
Plant nutrition is the study of the chemical elements and compounds necessary for plant growth, plant metabolism.
Protoplasm is the living content of a cell that is surrounded by a plasma membrane.
A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering. The formation of the seed is part of the process of reproduction in seed plants.
Soil fertility refers to the ability of a soil to sustain agricultural plant growth, i.e. to provide plant habitat and result in sustained and consistent yields of high quality.
Biodiversity refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth. Biodiversity typically measures variation at the genetic, species, and ecosystem level.
Agricultural Food Chemistry:
Food chemistry is the study of chemical processes and interactions of all biological and non-biological components of foods. The biological substances include such items as meat, poultry, lettuce, beer, and milk as examples.
Crop domestication is the process of artificially selecting plants to increase their suitability to human requirements: taste, yield, storage, and cultivation practices.
Organic agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people.
Agricultural engineering is the engineering discipline that studies agricultural production and processing.
Agricultural biodiversity is a broad term that includes all components of biological diversity of relevance to food and agriculture, and all components of biological diversity that constitute the agricultural ecosystems.